The structure of the educational system for Hotel & Tourism sectors in Poland:
Polish educational system provides vocational and professional training for Hotel & Tourism sector on the three basic levels:
- secondary: Technikum, Liceum zawodowe [63 ] schools
- post-secondary (college): Policealne Studium  schools
- undergraduate : Wyzsza Szkola Zawodowa [ 8 ] schools
- Akademia [15 ] schools
|Technical Secondary Schools|
|curriculum: general (academic) and vocational
|period of training: 5 years|
|industrial placement: varying level and period, based on institutional links and contracts negotiated with employers|
|age of students: 15 - 20|
|Certificate of Secondary Education and Diploma of National Vocational Qualifications|
|Post-secondary Schools (College of Further Education)|
|curriculum: vocational post-secondary and technical|
|period of training: 2 years|
|industrial placement: varying level and period (from 3 months to 1 week), based on institutional links and contracts negotiated with employers|
|age of students: GCSE holders 19 - 21|
|Diploma of National Vocational Qualifications|
|curriculum: higher academic and vocational|
|period of training: 3 years for Bachelor Degree or 5 years for Master Degree|
|industrial placement: varying level and period , based on institutional links and contracts negotiated with employers, or no placement at all|
|age of students: GCSE holders 19 - 22/ 24|
|Bachelor or Master Degree|
All the above schools can be further divided into:
- public (state)  (usually selective, non fee-paying, with permanent quality control system, but little flexibility)
- non-public [ 96] (private, commercial, non-profit, religious etc.). Their curricula can be legally authorized by the state authorities or not authorized at all. Many of these schools are fairly good and enjoy greater flexibility compared with the state institutions. They are fee-paying, usually not overly selective and often have very attractive names thanks to the fact that they are often not obliged to comply with the educational authority regulations re: the curriculum and the period of training.
- Youth schools [ 136]
- Institutions of adult education [ 64]
As far as the vocational specialization of the above schools is concerned there is even greater variety.
- Only a few (20-30) of the above schools offer both theoretical and practical training for hotel, tourism and gastronomy, teach on their own, decently equipped premises and have really professional and permanent staff.
- Some schools are barely registered and hope to have their first yield of graduates in 3 or 4 years' time
- In some cases there is only one class of Tourism in general education institution; ergo: no equipment and no specialist staff.
- Gastronomy skills are usually taught in fairly decently-equipped technical schools
- Foreign language communication skills are better in Post-secondary than in technical schools and students of tourism can usually communicate much better than those in the field of gastronomy.
- As for today (May 1998) no school has been offering all instructions in foreign languages, only more or less regular language classes.
Dir. Lucyna Marta Dziarnowska
AEHT Representative, POLAND
AEHT Representative, POLAND